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20th C. European Gold Brooch w/ Carnelian Intaglio

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20th C. European Gold Brooch w/ Carnelian Intaglio
Item Details
Description
Western Europe, ca. mid-20th century CE. A dazzling carnelian intaglio of rectangular form hand-carved with the Roman goddess Minerva - Greek Athena - and set in a gold brooch. Boasting a deep hue of burgundy, the lovely intaglio shows the goddess of war seated upon a cuirass, a shield, and a helmet as she gazes to the left. Depicted in profile, the ancient deity presents a strong profile with a sharp nose and protruding chin as a crested helmet caps her head. A lengthy robe cascades in billowing folds down her body as she holds a spear in her right hand and places her left on her hip. The lovely brooch is decoratively incised with undulating vines that surround the intaglio, while its verso features a round hinge and a modern safety catch, allowing it to be pinned to the wearer. The stamp "750" on the back of the bezel indicates that the brooch is made of 75% gold. Size (brooch): 1.3" W x 1.5" H (3.3 cm x 3.8 cm); (intaglio): 0.8" W x 1.1" H (2 cm x 2.8 cm); gold quality: 75.6% (equivalent to 18K+); weight: 9.8 grams

Regarded as the daughter of Jupiter, from whose head she purportedly was born, Minerva was initially worshipped in Rome as one of the Capitoline Triad along with Jupiter and Juno. At first, she was revered as the goddess of handicrafts, poetry, and the arts in general. Over time, Minerva's stature grew within the Roman pantheon, and she became the most important focus of the Quinquatrus festival, which previously had been the domain of Mars, whose amorous affections she famously refused. The five-day festival began on March 19th marking the beginning of the Roman army's campaign season. Minerva also became associated with the concept of victory, as illustrated by Pompey's dedication of a temple to her following his successful campaigns in the east. Similarly, Emperor Domitian claimed the goddess as his protectress and in the second half of the 1st century CE commissioned a temple to her in the Nerva Forum in Rome.

Provenance: private East Coast collection, New York, New York, USA, acquired before 2010

All items legal to buy/sell under U.S. Statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, CHAPTER 14, and are guaranteed to be as described or your money back.

A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany all winning bids.

PLEASE NOTE: Due to recent increases of shipments being seized by Australian & German customs (even for items with pre-UNESCO provenance), we will no longer ship most antiquities and ancient Chinese art to Australia & Germany. For categories of items that are acceptable to ship to Australia or Germany, please contact us directly or work with your local customs brokerage firm.

Display stands not described as included/custom in the item description are for photography purposes only and will not be included with the item upon shipping.

#169408
Condition
A few light nicks to verso of intaglio. Otherwise, intact, excellent, and wearable with impressively preserved detail.
Buyer's Premium
  • 26.5%

20th C. European Gold Brooch w/ Carnelian Intaglio

Estimate $1,500 - $2,250
Jul 05, 2022
See Sold Price
Starting Price $750
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0207: 20th C. European Gold Brooch w/ Carnelian Intaglio

Lot Passed
0 Bids
Est. $1,500 - $2,250Starting Price $750
Fauna, Flora, Stones & Bones
Jul 05, 2022 12:00 PM EDT
Buyer's Premium 26.5%

Lot 0207 Details

Description
...
Western Europe, ca. mid-20th century CE. A dazzling carnelian intaglio of rectangular form hand-carved with the Roman goddess Minerva - Greek Athena - and set in a gold brooch. Boasting a deep hue of burgundy, the lovely intaglio shows the goddess of war seated upon a cuirass, a shield, and a helmet as she gazes to the left. Depicted in profile, the ancient deity presents a strong profile with a sharp nose and protruding chin as a crested helmet caps her head. A lengthy robe cascades in billowing folds down her body as she holds a spear in her right hand and places her left on her hip. The lovely brooch is decoratively incised with undulating vines that surround the intaglio, while its verso features a round hinge and a modern safety catch, allowing it to be pinned to the wearer. The stamp "750" on the back of the bezel indicates that the brooch is made of 75% gold. Size (brooch): 1.3" W x 1.5" H (3.3 cm x 3.8 cm); (intaglio): 0.8" W x 1.1" H (2 cm x 2.8 cm); gold quality: 75.6% (equivalent to 18K+); weight: 9.8 grams

Regarded as the daughter of Jupiter, from whose head she purportedly was born, Minerva was initially worshipped in Rome as one of the Capitoline Triad along with Jupiter and Juno. At first, she was revered as the goddess of handicrafts, poetry, and the arts in general. Over time, Minerva's stature grew within the Roman pantheon, and she became the most important focus of the Quinquatrus festival, which previously had been the domain of Mars, whose amorous affections she famously refused. The five-day festival began on March 19th marking the beginning of the Roman army's campaign season. Minerva also became associated with the concept of victory, as illustrated by Pompey's dedication of a temple to her following his successful campaigns in the east. Similarly, Emperor Domitian claimed the goddess as his protectress and in the second half of the 1st century CE commissioned a temple to her in the Nerva Forum in Rome.

Provenance: private East Coast collection, New York, New York, USA, acquired before 2010

All items legal to buy/sell under U.S. Statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, CHAPTER 14, and are guaranteed to be as described or your money back.

A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany all winning bids.

PLEASE NOTE: Due to recent increases of shipments being seized by Australian & German customs (even for items with pre-UNESCO provenance), we will no longer ship most antiquities and ancient Chinese art to Australia & Germany. For categories of items that are acceptable to ship to Australia or Germany, please contact us directly or work with your local customs brokerage firm.

Display stands not described as included/custom in the item description are for photography purposes only and will not be included with the item upon shipping.

#169408
Condition
...
A few light nicks to verso of intaglio. Otherwise, intact, excellent, and wearable with impressively preserved detail.

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